Can the side effects of pesticides on flowers be inevitable?
The diseases and insect pests on flowers are different from those in general, and chemical pesticides are needed to effectively control them in a short time, otherwise they will cause unpredictable aftermath, but they will also be accompanied by the effects of pesticides on flowers. As long as there are not a few phenomena in the use of pesticides, the side effects of pesticides can actually be avoided.
First, random mixed use of pesticides: when flower diseases and insect pests occur at the same time, people usually mix insecticides and pesticides, using two or three kinds of pesticides, and some even add foliar fertilizer. If the properties of several pesticides are the same and the pH values are similar, there will be no chemical reaction and no effect on the efficacy, otherwise it will affect the efficacy and cause drug damage. For example, Bordeaux liquid is a suspension made of copper sulfate, quicklime and water, which can prevent and cure a variety of diseases. Its liquid is alkaline and cannot be mixed with common pesticides, nor can it be mixed with stone sulfur mixture and oleoresin, otherwise it will reduce the efficacy and cause drug damage. Therefore, when pesticides are mixed, we must first understand their pharmacological properties, those that can be mixed, and those that cannot be mixed must be used alone.
Second, the spraying time and method are inappropriate: the spraying cycle is too short in different periods of the occurrence of diseases and insect pests, the cycle length of pesticide spraying is different, generally the initial period is once every half a month, and the peak period is once a week. In fact, many pests are difficult to kill and germs are difficult to eradicate. Some flower farmers use drugs frequently, some once every three days, and some even once a day. As a result, the insects are not killed and the disease is not eradicated, but drug damage has occurred in flower seedlings. For this situation, we must strictly grasp the spraying cycle, otherwise drug pests are more difficult to treat than diseases and insect pests. In the prevention and control, attention should be paid to the alternate use of pesticides to prevent pests and germs from producing drug resistance, resulting in frequent application, resulting in drug damage; some flower farmers do not spray the medicine to the key parts when spraying pesticides, and sometimes stay in a certain part for too long, so that a large number of potions remain on the leaves, resulting in flower drug damage, this phenomenon is particularly obvious in old leaves and large leaves.
Third, the dispensing procedure is not standard: there are many dosage forms of chemicals, such as wettable powders, emulsions, tablets, granules, solutions, etc., some of which can be dissolved directly, while others can not be completely dissolved. When the undissolved particles are suspended in the solution, it is very easy to block the nozzle during spraying, and even if the smaller particles are sprayed from the nozzle, they stay on the leaf surface, causing local drug damage to the plant. Therefore, when dispensing, we should pay attention to strictly follow the procedure, dissolve different dosage forms of pesticides in small containers, then transfer them to large containers, and then transfer them to sprayers after they are completely dissolved or dissolved evenly.
Fourth, the sprayer is not cleaned, and there are other residues: in practice, flower farmers often use some sprayers as general medicine tools, and sometimes use it to treat a certain type of pesticides, and then put another kind of pesticides without cleaning. As a result, the original pesticide residues are harmful to flowers, especially those such as herbicides, which are even more harmful to flowers.
5. the practice of flower allergy has proved that some flowers are allergic to certain pesticides, such as cockscomb and rose are quite sensitive to dichlorvos, and chrysanthemums are sensitive to dimethoate EC with a dilution ratio of less than 1500 times. drug damage still occurs in the case of low concentration and standard operation. At present, there is no law to follow in the phenomenon of allergy to flowers, which can only be explored through practice. This requires that when the application is not very familiar, we should first do the drug damage experiment, so as to reduce the occurrence of pesticide damage, we should first do the drug damage experiment, so as to reduce the occurrence of drug damage.