No big water pipe can solve the problem of water shortage during the drought.

Published: 2024-02-27 Author: mysheen
Last Updated: 2024/02/27, No big water pipe can solve the problem of water shortage during the drought.

During the drought in 0share#, what should I do with the water? Press release on "performance at the celebration of sending water from the north to the south"

Journalists will demand: first, water consumption, but also quality: implement the separation of drinking and drainage, irrigation and drainage, and the mixing of waste sewage into drinking water and the upstream of irrigation water intake; second, water price should be appropriately reflected in water consumption, in order to promote industrial water saving; third, emergency desalination equipment should be included in the policy environmental assessment; fourth, immediately announce the areas in danger of water shortage and implement the proportion of 50% reclaimed water used by development units. Fifth, the central management of rivers should set up a river basin committee for integrated management. Explanation: # No large water pipe can solve the problem of water shortage. Peng Guizhi, chairman of the Taiwan Clean Water Action Alliance, said: in 2017, the Clean Water Alliance launched a campaign to ask the government to improve the water quality of Touqian Creek. In that year, the government also announced that it would speed up the distribution of water from the north to the south, which is expected to be completed by the end of 2020. However, when the pipe is nearing completion, there will be a severe drought caused by climate change. In order to meet the needs of industry and people's livelihood, the water intake of Touqian Creek has greatly increased, drawing 500000 tons of water a day, and peach bamboo seedlings are stopped from irrigation for the first time at the heading stage. Shimen water can be transported south without water. In the past six months, the average water supply from north to south is 30, 000 tons, accounting for only 1/10 of the water supply of the pipe. Large water pipes can only be dispatched, which cannot solve the problems of water quantity and water quality. The government's contingency plan is to launch a 13000-ton emergency desalination plant. In addition, wind balls have been thrown out to build three reservoirs and heighten dams in an attempt to ease the water situation. We appeal that in the face of the drought caused by climate change, the government should take a long-term view and let the precious water resources be harnessed from the source, use it many times and work out a long-term solution, instead of desperately looking for the quantity without paying attention to the cost! # Water quantity should also take into account water quality # the establishment of the Watershed Committee Brooks no delay. Wu Bishang, Chief Executive Officer of the Housewives Union Environmental Protection Foundation, made a speech:

At a time of severe drought, dripping water should not be wasted, and the alliance demanded that the government should take care of water quantity as well as water quality: take Ta Hsinchu as an example, pollution sources in the middle and upper reaches of Touqian River should be rectified, polluting factories should be relocated or taken over as soon as possible, and household sewage should be taken over as soon as possible. avoid allowing people in the middle and lower reaches to drink super thick soup! In addition, each central river should set up a cross-regional governance committee, integrated management of water resources utilization patterns, maintenance of river water quality, ecological conservation, and water source dispatching mechanism, and so on. In order to increase water resources and reduce water consumption, the state should promote long-term policies on water resources in response to climate change: # reservoirs cannot be exchanged for more water. Wang Yu-Huang, director of the Taiwan Ecological Society, made a speech:

In the past, Taiwan used to raise workers by farming, but now it is killing agriculture to raise industrial giants. Whenever there is a period of water shortage, the pro-reservoir faction always puts forward the policy of building a reservoir. The problem with Taiwan's reservoir is that the upstream soil and water conservation is poor, resulting in reservoir siltation. No matter how many reservoirs (big washbasins) are built, it is as useless to encounter climate change as to silt up. In the face of water shortage, we should take an inventory from scratch and draw up an improvement plan. The forward-looking water environment construction plan borrows a large amount of money to build and improve the river, regional drainage and coastal environment, as well as the development of water resources, but it is actually a cement renovation project to introduce more rivers, streams and regional drainage. It does not really improve water pollution and conserve water sources. On the contrary, it greatly destroys the natural hydrology and ecology of rivers and streams, which runs counter to the slogan of river restoration. Congress and the whole people should strictly supervise the budget implementation of the second phase of the forward-looking water environment plan, which must be implemented in terms of water quality improvement, stream and river restoration, water conservation, and nature-based solutions to cope with the impact of extreme weather; at the same time, we must also strictly restrict the priority right of industrial water to seize water for agriculture and people's livelihood without restraint. The Shuangxi Reservoir self-Rescue Association said: there is no problem in taking river water to support water-scarce areas during the rainy season, but it is absolutely opposed to building a reservoir in order to keep the water of nature. It is hoped that each region will take good care of its own water quality and quantity, and will not think of ways to destroy nature to get water as soon as there is a shortage of water. Nian Liyu, director of the Taiwan Water Resources Conservation Alliance, said: how do the ecology, water quantity, and water quality of water resources complement each other? If the polluting factory in Touqian Creek is not relocated or taken over, it may only be a perfunctory meeting of the Government to improve the water quality of Touqian Creek. The source management is out of order, in order to supply and demand is reduced to the slogan! In addition, without total quantity control, large water consumers do not dare to levy water consumption charges. if water resources management is not sound and integrated, no matter how many reservoirs are built, they will not be enough to use them! What we should worry about is that no matter how large the water storage capacity of the reservoir is, if the soil in the upstream catchment area is soft and indiscriminately felled, then no matter how many reservoirs such as Shimen and Baihe reservoirs are silted up, the reservoirs will become soil reservoirs again! The heightened dam body is like an illegal building of a house, which will cause people in the lower reaches of the reservoir to live in fear, and the consequences will be unimaginable if the illegal building collapses. It is not a progressive policy of water conservation to brazenly call out the new reservoir and allow industrial water to be used lightly. Forest ecology, reclaimed water, artificial lakes, flood water, and desalination plants should be reviewed one by one, instead of farmers who suddenly stop irrigation in case of drought and sacrifice to maintain food security for the people. # make good use of water price adjustment strategy, make good use of water price adjustment strategy, set quantity according to price, and promote the development of water-saving industry. The basic water consumption for people's livelihood will not be affected within a certain degree, and the water price of industrial water consumption should appropriately reflect the cost of water production. By setting prices on a quantity basis, we can promote the development of water-saving industries in the long run. Apart from opening up sources of revenue, the government should come up with water-saving policies, of which the most key issue is "rationalization of water prices", the Earth Citizen Foundation said. The development cost of tap water (1 cubic meter) in Taiwan is as high as 20-30 yuan, but the price of water is only 7.5-11 yuan. The water price in Tokyo, Japan has reached NT $50 per kilowatt-hour, and the water price in Singapore has risen by 30% for the second year in a row. Compared with these Asian neighboring countries, the water price in Taiwan is indeed very low. Because of the low water price, the daily per capita water consumption of Chinese people is on the high side. In the past decade, the per capita daily water consumption of Taiwanese has exceeded 270 litres, and it has been rising year by year. According to the International Water Resources Association in 2015, Taiwan is the second largest country in the world in tap water consumption. A reasonable water price should ensure that those who save water will pay a price that is in line with the cost, while those who overuse will have to pay a higher or even punitive price. For example, if the daily per capita water consumption is 200 litres (which is slightly higher than Singapore's 165 litres), the following users will pay a cost price of 20 yuan per kilowatt-hour (1 million cc), and the water price will be increased to 30 yuan per kilowatt-hour for 200-300 litres and 50 yuan per kilowatt-hour for 300-500 liters. In this way, water consumption will be greatly reduced, and it will not increase the burden on the majority of the people.

Legislator Chen Jiaohua said: China's water use structure is quite concentrated. Large industrial and commercial water users use more than 1000 degrees per month, accounting for only 0.12 percent, but 30 percent of tap water is used. In order to enable water consumers to take active measures to save water, the Legislative Yuan approved in 2016 that users with a monthly water consumption of more than 1000 degrees, including the petrochemical, paper, textile and electronics industries, were required to levy a water charge of 10% to 30%. It is estimated that about 1.3 billion yuan can be collected a year, and about 90 million tons of tap water, groundwater and other sources will be saved, equivalent to 1/4 of the total storage capacity of the Feicui Reservoir. However, the Ministry of Economic Affairs still does not levy a levy, which is suspected of administrative neglect, so it should levy water consumption charges as soon as possible to guide the industry to improve water-saving efficiency and the use of multiple water sources, so as to solve the problem of water shortage under abnormal climate. # Industry in water-scarce areas to increase the proportion of reclaimed water use in response to climate change, the state should assess the limited water resources and implement the regulations on the Development of reclaimed Water Resources.