How to maintain indoor flowers

Published: 2024-04-25 Author: mysheen
Last Updated: 2024/04/25, How to maintain indoor flowers

With the development of society, people's yearning for nature and the pursuit of beauty are becoming more and more intense, and all kinds of flowers have become everyone's darling with their vitality, beauty, warmth and romance. In leisure time, serving flowers and grass has become an important part of some people's lives, which not only adds interest to life, but also contributes to physical and mental health.

1 Functions of indoor greening plants

Indoor plants or flowers, leaves, or fruit, stems, have a strong ornamental. Strange flowers and plants, thousands of changes, in appreciation, help people understand nature, increase scientific knowledge. Indoor suitable plants can not only beautify the environment, adjust temperature and humidity, purify the air, but also some plants placed indoors have health care functions for the human body. Some flowers can absorb formaldehyde in the air, such as tiger tail orchid, spider orchid, one-leaf orchid, spring feather, orchid, etc.; some can absorb carbon dioxide in the air, such as narcissus, aloe, etc.; some can absorb chlorine in the air, such as green radish, ivy, etc.; some can absorb computer radiation, such as spider orchid, immortal, millennium wood, drooping leaf fig, kidney fern, etc.; some can absorb nitrogen oxides, such as narcissus, chrysanthemum, purple jasmine, etc.

2 Common indoor flower varieties

2.1 Potted flowers

Potted flowers are the basic materials for plant decoration in various places, which are easy to arrange and replace, have various types and forms, and have a longer viewing period.

2.1.1 Suitable for display in bright and non-direct light indoor varieties: cycad, turtleback bamboo, one-leaf orchid, clivia, evergreen, palm, palm bamboo, bulrush, thorn sunflower and so on.

2.1.2 The varieties suitable for display in bright and direct light rooms: camellia, red banana, citrus, hairpin, arrowroot, fern, pineapple, Michelia, hydrangea, asparagus, dahurian sunflower, spider orchid, etc.

2.1.3 Appropriate display in indoor sunshine sufficient place, for short-term ornamental varieties: poinsettia, variegated leaves, geranium, begonia, primrose, jasmine, crab claw, arrow lotus, epiphyllum, cyclamen, white orchid and so on.

2.2 hydroponic flower

The hydroponic flower is a method of planting flowers in glass or plastic containers with certain transparency and applying inorganic nutrients required for viewing, which belongs to the static hydroponic method of soilless culture and non-solid medium type. Compared with traditional soil cultivation, it has many advantages: first, it can not only watch the flowers, stems and leaves of plants, but also the roots of ornamental plants; second, it can support flowers and fish, which is more fun; third, hydroculture plants are very clean, hygienic and odorless; fourth, watering, fertilization and other maintenance procedures are very simple, suitable for lazy rhythm.

2.2.1 Suitable for aquatic herbaceous flowers: white caltrop, windmill grass, pepper grass, anthurium, caltrop, phalaenopsis, asparagus, begonia, guanyin lotus, clivia, etc.

2.2.2 Suitable for water woody flowers: Brazil wood, fortune tree, bottle orchid, pocket coconut, fragrant dragon blood tree and so on.

2.2.3 Suitable for aquatic vine flowers: spider orchid, green radish, ivy and so on.

2.2.4 Suitable for water culture of multi-pulp flowers: tiger tail orchid, golden amber, lotus palm, Yushu, stripes twelve volumes, etc.

3 Types of indoor flowers

3.1 Point formula

The most common, most common display form, sofa side, corner, tea table and desktop can be placed into a dot type.

3.2 line type

Set the pots in a line within a certain range.

3.3 pieces

A few pots or a dozen pots make up a small piece, usually in a larger room.

3.4 wall proximity

Combined with interior decoration design, local protruding wall or recessed wall holes can be set on the wall, potted flowers or drooping plants can be placed, and brackets can also be set on the wall.

3.5 suspension type

In indoor larger space, choose lighter weight shade tolerant foliage plants, such as nest ferns, ivy, etc., but do not affect people's activities as a prerequisite.

4 Requirements for placing flowers indoors

4.1 Requirements for placement in different places

The sitting room is the main place for family members to carry out activities and receive guests. Greening should be simple, beautiful and generous. Flowers and trees with good ornamental properties should be selected, such as Clivia, Cyclamen, etc. Bedroom is the place that rests, compare warm a few, can choose a few view foliaceous plant or the small-sized flower of colour quietly elegant, wait like Milan, pineapple, gold Hu. The study is the room that reads write, should build quiet and elegant atmosphere, optional asparagus, hang orchid to wait. Kitchen general area is smaller, and light is insufficient, smoke, humidity is bigger, optional cold water flower, sedum waits. The restaurant is a place for family members and guests to eat, aiming to improve the dining environment, such as rich bamboo, duck foot wood, etc.

4.2 Requirements for placing different plants

4.2.1 The foliage plants are better for shade resistance and become good materials for greening rooms. Large foliage plants can be placed next to the sofa or in the corner of the living room. Such as rich trees, rubber trees, but the layout should not be more.

4.2.2 View a wide variety of plants, such as: jasmine, rose, narcissus, etc. can release aroma, so that the room fresh and pleasant, can be placed on the desktop tea table and other places.

4.2.3 Cactus plants are highly desiccated and less diseased, and absorb carbon dioxide from the air. In the sunny windowsill edge or sunshine time long small room, can be placed such as arrows lotus.

4.2.4 Pteridophytes resistant to damp, disease and insect pests and evergreen, graceful posture, such as kidney fern, Adiantum, Alsophila spinulosa, etc., can be placed in the windowsill of the shady room, desk and bedroom.

5 Maintenance and management of indoor flowers

5.1 Potted plants

5.1.1 Light: Most indoor foliage plants like a semi-shady environment, but they should also be properly exposed to the sun every week, and avoid being placed under strong light for a long time. Therefore, according to their respective characteristics, reasonable light should be given to facilitate their growth. Such as: fish tail sunflower, palm bamboo, etc. can grow well under indoor light, while rubber trees and succulent plants need to fully accept sunlight in order to grow well.

5.1.2 Temperature: Most foliage plants suitable for growth temperature of 15~30℃, less than 10℃ to stop growth, winter temperature should be above 15℃. Foliage plants should keep warm in winter, especially iron trees, tiger tail orchids and so on like warm environment. But indoor temperature should not be too high or too low, too high flowers easy to wither, too low will affect growth and development.

5.1.3 Humidity: Indoor, drought-loving plants should be placed in a place with strong light and good ventilation, which will cause excessive growth in the dark; humid plants should be placed in a humid place. If the air is too dry, yellow leaf tips will appear. Water frequently to keep the pot soil moist. Some potted flowers also often spray water on the leaves to create a humid environment to meet their full requirements for water, such as sea taro.

5.1.4 Watering: Different plants need different amounts of watering. Turtleback bamboo, calla lily and other araceae plants and most ferns basin soil dry must be watered in time. Tendril vines such as green radish, leaves more, leaf slip, and aerial roots, its growth period requires a larger amount of water, but also in the leaf spray. Bottle orchid, Holland iron and other plants, its own water storage capacity is strong, water evaporation is less, watering amount does not have to be too much, keep the soil moist. Some taro leaf plants have high leaf density and are sensitive to water. When water is scarce, they will have bad symptoms such as leaf curling and leaf tip yellowing, so they need more water in the growing season. In short, we should take the principle of between dry and wet.

In addition, the amount of water required by plants varies in different seasons. Generally spring and summer is the growth period of indoor foliage plants, which needs to consume more water and must be supplemented with appropriate amount of water. Especially in summer high temperature, low air humidity, but also to supplement moisture. In winter, most indoor foliage plants are in dormancy and can be watered once every 5 to 7 days. No matter which season, watering must be sufficient to make the whole root completely wet, avoid watering the middle, the upper wet and lower dry, which easily causes the upper root to rot, the lower root water shortage, affecting plant growth.

5.1.5 Fertilization management: indoor ornamental plants fertilization, mainly liquid fertilizer and granular compound fertilizer. Foliage plants especially need nitrogen fertilizer, if the lack of nitrogen, chlorophyll formation slow, photosynthesis is not vigorous, the leaves will lose luster; but if too much nitrogen, will cause the plant to grow wildly. Flowers and appreciation of plants, before flowering should be more phosphate fertilizer and thin fertilizer application. Winter temperatures are low and plants grow slowly, so fertilization should be stopped.

5.1.6 Pest control: Pest prevention should be based on the principle of combining prevention and control. The main pests are red spiders, aphids, etc., and the main diseases are powdery mildew, rust, etc. Pay attention to ventilation and regular inspection of leaf back, leaf base, leaf tip, etc., found that individual branches with insects gently brush, too serious when moved to outdoor spraying. For pest control, spraying should be done when the nymph crawls. The pesticide can be sprayed with 40% omethoate 1000~1500 times solution or 40% Sukill 1500 times solution. For control of red spider damage, spray 25% Beiluba WP 1500 times solution.

5.2 hydroponic plant

5.2.1 Nutrition supply: try to choose special fertilizer for hydroponic flowers, and apply it strictly according to the instructions, and prevent excessive application and excessive concentration from causing fertilizer damage. According to the number of water changes, nutrient solution should be added once for every water change to supplement the nutrient loss caused by water change.

5.2.2 Change water to wash roots: generally change water time to 5~7 days is appropriate, depending on seasonal changes and different conditions of plants. Summer plants grow vigorously, the temperature is high, the water is easy to deteriorate, and the water change interval should be shortened; winter plants are mostly dormant or semi-dormant, the temperature is lower, and the water change interval can be longer. Generally speaking, the water change interval is shorter, which is beneficial to plant growth.

5.2.3 Water spray leaf washing: indoor hydroponic foliage plants mostly like higher air humidity, otherwise it is easy to cause leaf coke tip or coke edge, so it should be sprayed frequently to improve air humidity and enhance plant growth.

5.2.4 Appropriate ventilation: strengthen ventilation to keep indoor air fresh, but also increase the oxygen content in the water, conducive to the growth of hydroponic flowers.

5.2.5 Daylighting and temperature: negative flowers such as ferns, orchids, araceae plants should be properly shaded; neutral flowers such as turtle, poinsettia, gooseberry and other light intensity requirements are not strict, generally like sufficient sunshine, in the shade can also grow normally. As for temperature, hydroponic flowers grow best when the root temperature is controlled in the range of 15~30℃.

5.2.6 Timely pruning: hydroponic flowers, especially some varieties with vigorous growth and developed roots, can be cut off at the beginning of spring growth, and can also be combined with water change to trim off redundant, aging and rotten roots at any time to ensure normal growth.

5.2.7 Keep clean: hydroponic flowers must be kept clean and hygienic during maintenance, do not pollute water, do not put organic matter, and remove breeding algae in time.