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Photoelectric stone of other mountains 01 "how does Italy fight against photoelectric invasion of agriculture?" An exclusive interview with the former Director of the Energy Bureau of Leiche Province: clear stocktaking, do not allow manufacturers to choos

Published: 2024-05-18 Author: mysheen
Last Updated: 2024/05/18, Photoelectric stone of other mountains 01 "how does Italy fight against photoelectric invasion of agriculture?" An exclusive interview with the former Director of the Energy Bureau of Leiche Province: clear stocktaking, do not allow manufacturers to choose sites

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After seeing pictures of Chiku fish ponds, Chimoto wetlands, Kuantan water chestnut fields, forest-edge sunsets, rice paddies in the Tongxiao shallow mountains, and stone tigers, black-faced spoonbills, pheasants, and field turtles, Antonio De Giorgi said to me,"Your hometown is beautiful, diverse, and ecologically rich."

But these beautiful landscapes are covered with solar panels that look like dog skin ointment, bare hillsides that seem to have been scalped, dug foundations that look like graves, and cute animals that are about to be displaced.

As an engineer and a longtime campaigner for environmental protection, de Giorgi was an early advocate of energy transition, but he also saw early how poorly planned green energy consumed the countryside. Puglia, where he lived, was at the heel of an Italian boot, facing the sea from the mountains, and this vast southern plain had been a granary since ancient times. Around 2005, under a policy of encouraging renewable energy, dark solar panels invaded farmland, greedily soaking up the Mediterranean sun and replacing photosynthetic plants.

顶山村东北角的盐田,已经由台电开发为光电案场。(摄影/吴铭)

顶山村东北角的盐田,已经由台电开发为光电案场。(摄影/吴铭)

Yantian in the northeast corner of Dingshan Village has been developed by Taipower as a photovoltaic project site. (Photo/Wu Ming)

屏东沿海的养水种电(摄影/刘言史)

屏东沿海的养水种电(摄影/刘言史)

Water Conservation and Electricity Planting along the Pingtung Coast (Photo/Liu Yanshi)

杂草爬上大阳能板(摄影/蔡佳珊)

杂草爬上大阳能板(摄影/蔡佳珊)

Weeds Climb on the Solar Energy Board (Photo/Cai Jiashan)

苗栗西湖正在兴建中的光电场(图片提供/李璟泓)

苗栗西湖正在兴建中的光电场(图片提供/李璟泓)

Photovoltaic field under construction in West Lake, Miaoli (Photo courtesy of Li Ching-hung) Photovoltaic panels spread across farmland, coasts and hillsides in Taiwan. Taiwan cut down trees to plant electricity and fish farms along the coast. Italian experts "opened their eyes."

Even so, he had never seen a large area of forest cut down in Italy. Water type panels are not news, but he doubts that laying panels in coastal fish ponds may face high salt problems, and must carefully evaluate the tolerance of the installation. Seeing some weeds and vines climbing up the panel "green," he said,"it's hard to generate electricity." Because the panel is very sensitive to light and shadow, a little shadow will affect the power generation efficiency, and the panels are usually connected in series to generate electricity, and the middle panel cannot generate electricity because of weeds, so the whole equipment is probably useless.

De Giorgi joined the Boy Scouts as a young man, went to the mountains and seas to make him love nature, and later became an important member of the civic organization Italia Nostra, defending the environment and protecting cultural relics. To reduce the greenhouse effect, he supports moving towards renewable energy, but he also understands that energy policy involves huge economic interests. If speculation is allowed to run rampant in the name of environmental protection, green energy will eventually turn black. Fortunately, Italian regulations prohibit the cutting of trees for electricity and the installation of panels along coastlines.

"However, this is far from enough. There must be a specific and detailed energy plan. however, many governments prefer to choose 'laissez-faire' and say that they respect the market mechanism, but the energy industry has monopolistic or oligopolistic characteristics. as a result, manufacturers are allowed to choose their own sites, and green energy fills the pockets of manufacturers. the general public does not get any benefits, but also pays the price of landscape and ecology." De Georgie said.

De Giorgi was once the director of the energy department of the province of Liege. He is also an environmental activist. He shares green energy experience from the perspective of administration, legislation and citizen movement (Photo/Zheng Jieyi). There is a roof, there is electricity demand. Roof panels are preferred.

Behind the laissez-faire energy policy is not the invisible hand of the market mechanism. The preferential policies such as generous subsidies, low-interest loans and land release under the banner of energy transformation easily allow the black hand of collusion between government and business to reach into green energy.

De Giorgi served as director of the energy department of the province of Lecce. Located at the southernmost tip of the Priya region, Riece is known as the Renaissance Capital of the South and its sunny waterfront attracts a large number of tourists every year. Solar panels also took a fancy to the southern sun, as early as 20 years ago, de Giorgi realized that the steady development of green energy requires a "planned economy", carefully calculating the electricity consumption and power generation of each township and planning the laying location, so as not to become a speculative tool that erodes agricultural land, ecology and public interests.

He said: "With a clear plan, manufacturers can also plan with peace of mind. It is better than facing uncertainty after investment."

 
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