MySheen

What is the classification standard of edible fungi?

Published: 2024-04-25 Author: mysheen
Last Updated: 2024/04/25, What is the classification standard of edible fungi?

What is the classification standard of edible fungi.

The fresh mushrooms of edible mushrooms should be harvested by medium well, but they should be determined according to the requirements of specific merchants, and should not be generalized. The overall requirements should be: 1. Strains (varieties) in the right way; 2. The matrix meets the requirements; 3. Within 1000 meters of the cultivated land, there are no chemical industry, hospitals, livestock and poultry farms, garbage disposal stations, waste piles, manure treatment plants, etc. The residue of cultivated API is less than or equal to the relevant standard; 5. No illegal drugs or additives are used in the cultivation process; 6. Equipment, tools, materials, etc., do not contain prohibited ingredients; 7. Fresh mushrooms are not aging, no moth-eaten eggs, no diseases and so on. The following is a brief description of the classification standards of four kinds of edible fungi for readers' reference.

The first class of Pleurotus ostreatus: the diameter of the cap is 1.8 cm, and the length of the stalk is less than 1.5 cm. When the diameter of the cap is less than 3 cm, the length of the stalk shall not exceed 1 inch 2 of the diameter of the cap. Requirements: mushroom-shaped round, natural pure white; cover inside roll, no signs of umbrella opening and opening; smooth cutting of stalk; stalk without white core, no hollow; mushroom body without hard spots, no moth, no broken mushrooms.

Second class: the cap diameter is 1.8mi 4.5 cm, the stalk is less than 1.5 cm; the mushroom-shaped appearance is round, but a few deformities are allowed, the color is pure white or slightly spotted, the stalk is stout, the middle is loose, the cutting is not flat, and there are stains; the stalk is free of hollow, moth-eaten and broken mushrooms.

Class III: cap diameter 1.8mi 5.5 cm, stalk length less than 1.5 cm; pure white or slightly spotted, no umbrella mushroom; allowed to have thick skin mushroom, hollow mushroom and a small amount of broken mushroom.

The first class of Lentinus edodes: the diameter of the lid is 5.5 cm, round, the color is normal brown, the length of the stalk is not larger than the radius of the lid, the cutting is smooth, and there is no worm-eaten mushroom, no broken mushroom.

Second class: the diameter of the cap is 4.5ml 5.4 cm, the cap is round and the color is normal, the length of the stalk is not larger than the radius of the cap, and there is no moth-eaten mushroom, no broken mushroom.

Grade III: the diameter of the fungus cap is 3mi 4.4 cm, the cover is round and the color is normal, the length of the stalk is not larger than the radius of the cap, no moth-eaten mushrooms are allowed, and a small amount of broken mushrooms are allowed.

Straw mushroom first class: the mushroom body is 6ml 8cm high, the horizontal diameter is 4.5mi 5cm, the color is normal, the mushroom body is compact, there is no open umbrella mushroom, no moth eaten mushroom.

The second class: the mushroom is 5.9 cm high and 4.4 cm in transverse diameter, the color is normal, the mushroom body is basically tight, or the interior of the first-grade mushroom becomes loose, the umbrella is about to open, and there is no moth.

Grade III: the mushroom is 5mi 5.9cm in height and 4m in diameter, with normal color and loose handle; it is about to open the umbrella without moth-eating.

Foreign products: the quilt has just broken, no insect frog, regardless of size.

The first class of Pleurotus ostreatus: the horizontal diameter of Pleurotus ostreatus is 5cm, natural color, the meat is thick, about 8 minutes cooked, the cap is round and neat, the stalk length is less than 2cm; no mildew, no impurities, no moth, no broken.

Second class: the cover has a horizontal diameter of 5ml 10cm, natural color, thick meat, about 8 medium ripe, round cap without broken, stalk length less than 2cm, no soaking water, no mildew, no impurities, no moth eating, no broken.

Class III: cap diameter more than 10 cm, mature mushrooms, allow 5% broken mushrooms, no soaking water, no impurities, no mildew, no moth.

The fresh mushrooms of edible mushrooms should be harvested by medium well, but they should be determined according to the requirements of specific merchants, and should not be generalized. The overall requirements should be: 1. Strains (varieties) in the right way; 2. The matrix meets the requirements; 3. Within 1000 meters of the cultivated land, there are no chemical industry, hospitals, livestock and poultry farms, garbage disposal stations, waste piles, manure treatment plants, etc. The residue of cultivated API is less than or equal to the relevant standard; 5. No illegal drugs or additives are used in the cultivation process; 6. Equipment, tools, materials, etc., do not contain prohibited ingredients; 7. Fresh mushrooms are not aging, no moth-eaten eggs, no diseases and so on. The following is a brief description of the classification standards of four kinds of edible fungi for readers' reference.

Pleurotus ostreatus

First class: the diameter of the cap is 1.8 cm, and the length of the stalk is less than 1.5 cm. When the diameter of the cap is less than 3 cm, the length of the stalk shall not exceed 1 inch 2 of the number of the cap diameter. Requirements: mushroom-shaped round, natural pure white; cover inside roll, no signs of umbrella opening and opening; smooth cutting of stalk; stalk without white core, no hollow; mushroom body without hard spots, no moth, no broken mushrooms.

Second class: the cap diameter is 1.8mi 4.5 cm, the stalk is less than 1.5 cm; the mushroom-shaped appearance is round, but a few deformities are allowed, the color is pure white or slightly spotted, the stalk is stout, the middle is loose, the cutting is not flat, and there are stains; the stalk is free of hollow, moth-eaten and broken mushrooms.

Class III: cap diameter 1.8mi 5.5 cm, stalk length less than 1.5 cm; pure white or slightly spotted, no umbrella mushroom; allowed to have thick skin mushroom, hollow mushroom and a small amount of broken mushroom.

Lentinus edodes

First class: fungus cap diameter 5.5mi 7cm, round, normal brown color; stalk length not more than cap radius, cutting smooth; no moth-eaten mushrooms, no broken mushrooms.

Second class: the diameter of the cap is 4.5ml 5.4 cm, the cap is round and the color is normal, the length of the stalk is not larger than the radius of the cap, and there is no moth-eaten mushroom, no broken mushroom.

Grade III: the diameter of the fungus cap is 3mi 4.4 cm, the cover is round and the color is normal, the length of the stalk is not larger than the radius of the cap, no moth-eaten mushrooms are allowed, and a small amount of broken mushrooms are allowed.

Straw mushroom

First class: the mushroom body is 6mi 8cm high, the horizontal diameter is 4.5mi 5cm, the color is normal, the mushroom body is tight, no umbrella mushroom, no moth-eaten mushroom.

The second class: the mushroom is 5.9 cm high and 4.4 cm in transverse diameter, the color is normal, the mushroom body is basically tight, or the interior of the first-grade mushroom becomes loose, the umbrella is about to open, and there is no moth.

Grade III: the mushroom is 5mi 5.9cm in height and 4m in diameter, with normal color and loose handle; it is about to open the umbrella without moth-eating.

Foreign products: the quilt has just broken, no insect frog, regardless of size.

Oyster mushroom

First class: the cover has a horizontal diameter of 1ml 5cm, natural color, thick meat, about 8 medium cooked, round and neat cap, stalk length less than 2cm; no mildew, no impurities, no moth, no broken.

Second class: the cover has a horizontal diameter of 5ml 10cm, natural color, thick meat, about 8 medium ripe, round cap without broken, stalk length less than 2cm, no soaking water, no mildew, no impurities, no moth eating, no broken.

Class III: cap diameter more than 10 cm, mature mushrooms, allow 5% broken mushrooms, no soaking water, no impurities, no mildew, no moth.

 
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