The new variety of strawberry "Tainong 1" dessert is the first choice with mellow aroma. Crimson gorgeous
The total annual harvest area of strawberries in Taiwan is more than 500 hectares, of which the planting area in Dahu Township of Miaoli County is the largest. Guoxing Township of Nantou County and some other counties and cities are also cultivated. However, due to the climatic conditions of high temperature and high temperature in summer in Taiwan, the production period is mostly concentrated in winter and spring. For decades, "Taoyuan No. 1", commonly known as "Fengxiang", has been used as the main variety in strawberry producing areas, but due to the increasingly serious problem of global warming, under the impact of extreme weather, such as disastrous torrential rain and rapid changes in temperature, the growth of "Taoyuan No. 1" has weakened year by year and is vulnerable to diseases and insect pests. In recent years, farmers have to choose "perfume" varieties with strong plants and high yield, but their fruit aroma is medium. The flavor of fresh food is slightly lower than that of Taoyuan No.1, so Chinese people still look forward to the advent of a new variety of strawberries with high quality and market competitiveness.
Variety characteristics of Strawberry "Tainong No.1"
The new strawberry variety "Tainong 1" was pollinated by cross pollination between "Perfume" (female parent) and "Taoyuan No. 1" (male parent), and after many years of trial observation and strain selection, the plant shape belongs to large leaf and semi-erect type; the leaf color is light green and the degree of leaf surface blisters is moderate; the leaf edge of the middle leaflet is serrated to crenate. The color of the conical fruit epidermis is dark red, the flesh of the longitudinal section is red, and the core of the fruit is light red. The position of the fruit seed is about the same as the epidermis. The flowering period from early October to mature plant is earlier than that of "Taoyuan 1", and the normal time sequence is about mid-November, and the fruit ripening period is also earlier than "Taoyuan 1", about early December. The fruit of "Tainong No. 1" has a strong aroma and higher average hardness than "Taoyuan No. 1". The average content of soluble solids such as sugars is 8.55 ~ 10.44 °BX and the average acidity is 0.270.36%. It is also the first choice for processing top jams and refined cakes.
Cultivation and Management of Strawberry "Tainong No.1"
In addition to traditional field planting, this variety is also suitable for cultivation in facilities. It can be pollinated by insect pollination such as bees, or pollinated by wind pollination under good ventilation. If poor pollination or excessive application of nitrogen fertilizer during fruit development, the color conversion of some fruit tips will be delayed, and the phenomenon of "green mouth" will occur occasionally; excessive application of potash fertilizer will affect the absorption of calcium fertilizer and trace element boron, resulting in scorch or distortion of new leaf tips and shortening of plants.
Although powdery mildew rarely occurred in this variety during the cultivation experiment, the common symptoms of strawberry, such as fruit rot, gray mold, anthrax or wilt, and pests such as aphids, two-spot mites, mites, thrips and striped leaf moths were also found in the plants of this variety due to the influence of weather and environmental factors. Once the flowers are eaten by the Taiwan flower thrips, the fruit epidermis is easy to crack and underdevelop in the future, affecting the commercial value, so it is necessary to pay attention to the disinfection of the cultivation medium, and often remove withered leaves and remove diseased plants to maintain the cleanliness of the park. For common pest control strategies, you can use non-pesticide control techniques or refer to the "Plant Protection Information system" website.
Strawberry "Tainong No. 1" obtained the plant variety right in Taiwan in October 2021 (Variety Quan No. A02783). At present, two agricultural enterprises, Tai Yi Agricultural Science and Technology Co., Ltd., and Qinlin sightseeing Agricultural Park, Taibao City, Chiayi County, have completed a non-exclusive technical license with the Agricultural Experimental Institute of the Agricultural Commission of the Executive Yuan, and it is expected that a large number of excellent seedlings can be propagated and popularized in the near future.
History of Tea in Taiwan: from Wild Inner Mountain to Export Tea Garden
"Tea" is a drink made from the leaves of "tea tree". It is not clear whether "Camellia sinensis" originated in China, but tea culture originated in China. Chinese people have known how to drink tea for a long time. Tea was originally a medicine, but later it became a drink. Tea drinking has been popular in China since the Tang Dynasty, when
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